World War II: Battle of the Bulge Local Veteran Shares
Bob ?, a WWII Veteran, shared for the monthly "Learning Unlimited" Series at the Morris Senior Center for January 2005. As a late arriver to the event, I had to squeeze my way for a spot in the packed room of the Morris Senior Center. He shared on this unique battle along the German-Belgium border, which his unit covered a "Minnesota Map" comparison of the area.
This afternoon (Saturday, July 14th of 2007) A neighbor (Craig M.) shared about his recent (Spring of 2007) two week trip to Germany, where his mom (Lohse) immigrated from. He went to his mom's hometown of Hamburg. I was fascinated of the unique roof material on their houses in the pictures I saw. Craig told me that the roofs are made of weed/grass, which we were both puzzled how they are able to keep their roof to last so long (in 300 years, they had to just re-do their roof twice only!).
He also had the chance to go to the northern part of the country close to neighborhing Denmark. The city he visited was Kiel.
In the southern region, he went to Munich. He had the opportunity to visit France and told me about the famous "autobaun" (close to 100mph on the high ways)
He was very excited to share a unique food he tasted in Austria, which he met a couple that drove far away just to taste this unique food.
A former UMM Alumn 02' (Shannon) just e-mailed me some pictures from this experience at World Youth Day in Germany this past summer in August of 2005=>
Discussion event generates energy ideas for area By firstname.lastname@example.org on Oct 10, 2018 at 6:08 p.m. stevenscountytimes.com "..The evening gathering marked the official start of another partnership between Saerbeck and the city of Morris on energy issues. Saerbeck is a small city but is a leader in Europe in the use and production of renewable energy. The Morris Model is a group focused on community resilience, energy conservation, and clean energy options. Partners include the City of Morris, Stevens County, West Central Research and Outreach Center, The Office of Sustainability and the Center for Small Towns and others..."
"Minnesota Nice is morphing toward Minnesota Nasty.
Finstad's district is 97 percent white and 98 percent American-born. Non-English speakers are not exactly a hot issue in the beer halls of New Ulm, where English is spoken with a Minnesota twist, including a strong German syntax, such as in the sentence, "Anybody want to come with?"
Gott im Himmel.
The good folk of New Ulm should be embarrassed that a representative of the home of Hermann the German is trying to make political hay off the backs of non-English speakers. Not long ago, mein kinder, the boot was on the other foot.
During World War I, New Ulm was the target of prejudice and persecution. When a rally was held in the town to declare the town's loyalty to the United States but to oppose the drafting of German-Americans to fight their Old World cousins, state officials cracked down harshly.
The mayor and city attorney were removed from office, German-language schools were closed, German books were banned. Residents of New Ulm were pressured to sign loyalty oaths and to buy war bonds by vigilante committees that examined each family's net worth and decided if enough bonds had been purchased to -- in the words of one official -- "bring themselves into the ranks of American citizens."
This fascist episode helps explain why, to this day, many heavily German communities keep a low profile in a state where the largest single ethnic group is German. For an elected official from New Ulm to purport that new arrivals be subjected to the kind of treatment his forebears received is a disgrace."
*just saw this the other night (Saturday, November 21st of 09')
Sweet Land Trailer
"Sweet Land is an American independent film directed and written by Ali Selim. Set in 1920s rural Minnesota, it stars Elizabeth Reaser, Tim Guinee, Lois Smith, Ned Beatty, John Heard, Alex Kingston and Alan Cumming. It is based on Will Weaver's 1989 short story "A Gravestone Made of Wheat."
Release date:October,2006" Sweet Land (2005) More at IMDbPro » "Set in 1920, Inge travels from Germany to rural Minnesota meet the man destined to be her husband. Bureaucracy and social morality cause major complications... SWEET LAND junket interview with Elizabeth Reaser, from youtube.com
"Germany has one of the world's highest levels of education, technological development, and economic productivity. Since the end of World War II, the number of youths entering universities has more than tripled, and the trade and technical schools of the Federal Republic of Germany (F.R.G.) are among the world's best. With a per capita income level of more than $28,700, Germany is a broadly middle class society. A generous social welfare system provides for universal medical care, unemployment compensation, and other social needs. Millions of Germans travel abroad each year."
WASHINGTON – A report chronicling the history of the Justice Department's Nazi-hunting unit criticizes the government for knowingly allowing some Nazis to settle in the United States after World War II.
"America, which prided itself on being a safe haven for the persecuted, became in some small measure a safe haven for persecutors as well," says the 600-page document.
The New York Times obtained a copy of the report, which the National Security Archive, a private group, posted on its website. Earlier, the Justice Department had declared dozens of pages from the document off-limits to the public after the archive sued to get it.
The long-secret report provided new details of many of the major cases handled by Justice's Office of Special Investigations. The report reflects the ways in which American officials, who were assigned to recruit foreign scientists after World War II, circumvented President Harry S. Truman's order that they not bring in Nazi Party members or people who had actively supported Nazi militarism.
Arthur Rudolph, one of hundreds of scientists brought to the United States after the war, told investigators in 1947 of attending a hanging during the war of inmates accused of sabotage at a plant near Nordhausen, Germany, where Rudolph was operations director. The plant he ran manufactured V-2 rockets using slave labor. U.S. immigration officials knew Rudolph had been a Nazi party member, but he was admitted to the U.S. anyway. Rudolph went on to become honored in the U.S. as the father of the Saturn V rocket, enabling the United States to make its first manned moon landing. Rudolph went to Germany in 1984 and forfeited his U.S. citizenship.
The report also details a discussion at the CIA over whether former Nazi party member Otto Von Bolschwing should acknowledge his Nazi past if confronted about it when applying for U.S. citizenship. Reversing earlier CIA advice, the agency concluded that Bolschwing should tell the truth. The agency hired Bolschwing during the Cold War for his contacts among ethnic Germans and Romanians. The Justice Department sought to deport Von Bolschwing when it found out about his past. Von Bolschwing, it turned out, had worked with Adolf Eichmann, helping devise programs in the 1930s to persecute and terrorize Germany's Jews. Eichmann was one of the architects of the Holocaust.
"Some may view the government's collaboration with persecutors as a Faustian bargain," the report states. "Others will see it as a reasonable moral compromise borne of necessity."
In court filings in the lawsuit brought by the National Security Archive, the Justice Department said that the report was never finalized, contains numerous factual errors and omissions and does not represent the official position of the Justice Department.
On Sunday, a Justice Department spokeswoman, Laura Sweeney, said: "The department is committed to transparency and providing information in accordance with relevant laws. Attorneys with expertise in the Freedom of Information Act make determinations about certain redactions based on privacy and other considerations under the law."
According to portions of the report that were deleted by the Justice Department:
_The department established in 1997 that Switzerland had bought gold from the Nazis that had been taken from Jewish victims of the Holocaust.
_Meetings in 2000 in which U.S. officials pressured Latvian officials to pursue Nazis were "a hideous failure."
_In hopes of establishing whether Dr. Joseph Mengele, known as the Angel of Death at Auschwitz, was dead, a director of the Office of Special Investigations kept in his desk a piece of scalp thought to belong to Mengele. OSI was the Justice Department entity created in 1979 to deport Nazis.
Also deleted was a portion of a 1993 ruling by the United States Court of Appeals for the 6th Circuit that raised ethics accusations against Justice Department officials."
"Somewhere in Germany.
That's how the letters start.
Somewhere in Sicily. Somewhere in France.
Those were the headings on a collection of letters our family found in a wooden box after my father, Robert K. Graves, a World War II veteran, died last year at 93.
They are all to his family in Southern Kentucky, most to his mother.
Along with a few postcards and assorted old photos, they trace my father's travels around the country and the world after he left Tompkinsville, Ky., at 20 in 1941 to enlist in the Army months before the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor and thrust the United States into the war.
His skill with radios and communications landed him in the Signal Corps, responsible for establishing military communications. As a radio operator, he worked in North Africa, France, Germany and Italy.
His contributions would come to define him and his generation as the Greatest Generation.
But in the early 1940s, he was just another young GI, missing fresh milk and home-cooked meals, awed by the grandeur of foreign lands, shocked by the war's devastation and hungry for news from home.... Battle of the Bulge, from you tube.com "An AFN spot inviting the viewer to check out information hosted on the US Army's website concerning the historic WWII battle."
*see Battle of the Bulge-U.S. Army Military Forgiving the Nameless, from Parc Entertainment in Godtube.com "This short film centers on one young girl's attempt to cope with the hatred she feels toward a nameless German soldier who killed her father in battle during World War II.
*power of forgiveness
Former Nazi Tells How Holocaust Happened - Part 1
"Secrets of how it was possible for the holocaust to happen as told by former Nazi Hilmar von Campe. Hilmar explains the similarities between Nazi Germany and America today. Hosted by Linda Evans Shepherd on Denver Celebration. Part One. www.RefreshingSpeaker.com. P.S. Part 2 is now available."
Part II-The Pastor who stood up to Hitler
Hindenberg, based on a "theory" of the Hindenberg crash
I remember watching many scenes of this "infamous" crash in music videos, movies, etc.. I also relate it to the popular heavy metal band, Led Zepplin, who I listened to frequently from friends back in high school.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "..The Hindenburg disaster took place on Thursday 6 May 1937 as the LZ 129 Hindenburg caught fire and was destroyed within one minute while attempting to dock with its mooring mast at the Lakehurst Naval Air Station, which is located adjacent to the borough of Lakehurst, New Jersey. Of the 97 people on board, 35 people died in addition to one fatality on the ground. The disaster was the subject of spectacular newsreel coverage, photographs, and Herbert Morrison's recorded radio eyewitness report from the landing field, which was broadcast the next day. The actual cause of the fire remains unknown, although a variety of theories have been put forward for both the cause of ignition and the initial fuel for the ensuing fire.
The accident served to shatter public confidence in the giant, passenger-carrying rigid airship, and marked the end of the airship era...
Related Sites: Valkyrie (film)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "..is a 2008 historical thriller film set in Nazi Germany during World War II. The film depicts the July 20, 1944 plot by German army officers to assassinate Adolf Hitler and to use the Operation Valkyrie national emergency plan to take control of the country... Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"...Stauffenberg decided, only after the conspirator General Helmuth Stieff on 7 July, 1944 had declared himself unable to assassinate Hitler on a uniforms display at Klessheim castle near Salzburg, to personally kill Hitler and to run the plot in Berlin. By then, Stauffenberg had great doubts about the possibility of success. Tresckow convinced him to go on with it even if it had no chance of success at all, "The assassination must be attempted. Even if it fails, we must take action in Berlin", as this would be the only way to prove to the world that the Hitler regime and Germany were not one and the same and that not all Germans supported the regime...
"LONDON – The four men wading ashore on a Florida beach wearing nothing but bathing trunks and German army hats looked like an unlikely invading force.
Declassified British intelligence files describe how the men were part of Nazi sabotage teams sent to the U.S. in June 1942 to undermine the American war effort.
They were trained in bomb-making, supplied with explosives and instructed in how to make timers from "easily obtainable commodities such as dried peas, lumps of sugar and razor blades."
Fortunately for the U.S., they were also spectacularly unsuccessful.
"It was not brilliantly planned," said Edward Hampshire, a historian at Britain's National Archives, which released the wartime intelligence documents Monday. "The Germans picked the leader for this very, very poorly. He immediately wanted to give himself up."
A detailed new account of the mission — code-named Pastorius after an early German settler in the U.S. — is provided in a report written in 1943 by MI5 intelligence officer Victor Rothschild. It is one of a trove of previously secret documents which shed light on the Nazis' desire to use sabotage, subterfuge and even poisoned sausages to fight the war.
Pastorius was a mixture of elaborate planning, bad luck and human error.
Eight Germans who had lived in the U.S. were dropped along the Eastern seaboard — four on Long Island, the rest south of Jacksonville, Florida. They were to go ashore, blend in, then begin a campaign of sabotage against factories, railways and canals, as well as launching "small acts of terrorism" including suitcase bombs aimed at Jewish-owned shops.
But the plan started to go wrong almost as soon as the men left their "sabotage camp" in Germany.
They went to Paris, where one of the team got drunk at the hotel bar and "told everyone that he was a secret agent" — something, the MI5 report notes, that may "have contributed to the failure of the undertaking."
The submarine dropping half the group on Long Island ran aground, and MI5 noted that "it was only owing to the laziness or stupidity of the American coast guards that this submarine was not attacked by U.S. forces."
The Germans were stopped by a coast guard, who — to the evident astonishment of the British — did not detain them. He told his superiors, who were slow to contact the FBI.
The others in Florida also made it ashore, despite their attention-grabbing attire of "bathing trunks and army forage caps."
Unfortunately for the team, their leader, George John Dasch, had decided to surrender. The report describes Dasch "ringing up the FBI in Washington from the Mayfair Hotel and saying that he was a saboteur and wished to tell his story to Mr. Hoover" — FBI chief J. Edgar Hoover. The FBI was initially skeptical, but Dasch was soon giving a full confession, and the whole gang was rounded up.
Within months, the saboteurs had been tried and sentenced to death. All were executed except Dasch and another who had also backed out. They were deported to Germany after the war.
For the U.S. it was a lucky escape. In World War I, German saboteurs blew up an arms dump in New York harbor, killing several people and injuring hundreds.
The newly declassified files give a glimpse of the Nazis' desperate determination to fight a covert campaign against the Allies, even as they knew the war was lost.
One captured French Nazi intelligence agent told his interrogators he had attended a conference in the final weeks of the war to plan a violent campaign that would sow chaos across Western Europe and "eventually lead to a state of civil war in which Fourth Reich would re-emerge."
The campaign was to involve sabotage, assassinations and even chemical weapons.
One file chronicles German attempts to use poison as a postwar weapon. Intelligence from captured Nazi agents indicated there were plans to contaminate alcoholic drinks with methanol, inject sausages with poison and prepare "poisoned Nescafe, sugar, German cigarettes and German chocolate."
Another elaborate plan involved supplying agents with special headache-inducing cigarettes, which could be given to an assassination target. When the person complained of a headache, they would be offered an aspirin — which had been laced with poison.
The files suggest British agents were unsure how much credence to give some of the more fanciful claims, though a memo was drawn up advising that Allied soldiers should not eat German food or smoke German cigarettes "under pain of severe penalties."
"Nowadays, it's easy to regard such schemes as impossibly far-fetched," said Christopher Andrew, the official historian of MI5. "But at the time it was reasonable to believe that after the Allied victory there would remain a dangerous postwar Nazi underground which would continue a secret war."
-Kiel Wikipedia "Kiel is famous for its sailing events, including Kiel Week (German: Kieler Woche), the biggest sailing event in the world. In 1936 and 1972, when the Olympic Games were held in Berlin and Munich respectively, the Olympic sailing competitions were held in Kiel-Schilksee."
-Munich Wikipedia "In 1923 Hitler and his supporters, who at that time were concentrated in Munich, staged the Beer Hall Putsch, an attempt to overthrow the Weimar Republic and seize power. The revolt failed, resulting in Hitler's arrest and the temporary crippling of the Nazi Party, which was virtually unknown outside Munich. At the end of the Residentzstrasse, where the putsch resulted in the death of 16 Nazis and 4 policemen, the government of Bavaria placed a plaque after the war on the ground with the names of the 4 policemen that died there."
"Jakob Alder, Landwirt aus Pfyn, Kanton Thurgau, erlebte auf Gebet seiner Frau, dass sein k�rzeres Bein auf die gleiche L�nge des anderen Beins nachwuchs. Vorausgegangen war ein Heilungsgottesdienst, den Vreni und Jakob Alder in der Freien Christengemeinde in Weinfelden TG besuchten. Dort erlebten sie, wie auf Gebet eines Missionars bei einer Person das k�rzere Bein nachwuchs. Dieser Gottesdienst hat ganz offensichtlich Spuren hinterlassen und Vreni Alder ermutigt, unmittelbar an den Gottesdienstbesuch das Geh�rte in die Praxis umzusetzen. Mehr unter: www.wunder-heute.net"
Nov. 9, 1989: The Berlin Wall Falls, from youtube.com "Special Report: Peter Jennings delivers "astonishing news" out of Germany. " Berlin Wall
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "..(German: Berliner Mauer) was a concrete barrier built by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) that completely enclosed the city of West Berlin, separating it from East Germany, including East Berlin. The Wall included guard towers placed along large concrete walls, which circumscribed a wide area (later known as the "death strip") that contained anti-vehicle trenches, "fakir beds" and other defenses.
The separate and much longer Inner German Border (the IGB) demarcated the border between East and West Germany. Both borders came to symbolize the Iron Curtain between Western Europe and the Eastern Bloc.
Before the Wall's erection, 3.5 million East Germans had avoided Eastern Bloc emigration restrictions and escaped from the GDR, many by crossing over the border from East Berlin into West Berlin. From West Berlin, emigrants could travel to West Germany and other Western European countries. During its existence from 1961 to 1989, the Wall stopped almost all such emigration and separated the GDR from West Berlin for more than a quarter of a century. After its erection, around 5,000 people attempted to escape over the wall, with estimates of the resulting death toll varying between around 100 and 200.
During a revolutionary wave sweeping across the Eastern Bloc, the East German government announced on November 9, 1989, after several weeks of civil unrest, that all GDR citizens could visit West Germany and West Berlin. Crowds of East Germans climbed onto and crossed the wall, joined by West Germans on the other side in a celebratory atmosphere. Over the next few weeks, parts of the wall were chipped away by a euphoric public and by souvenir hunters; industrial equipment was later used to remove almost all of the rest. The fall of the Berlin Wall paved the way for German reunification, which was formally concluded on October 3, 1990...
20th Anniversary of the Fall of the Berlin Wall
"Today is the 20th Anniversary of the Fall of the Berlin Wall. It is a great day for Liberty that should not be forgotten.
Video montage created by the Competitive Enterprise Institute.
http://www.cei.org" Berlin Wall 20th Anniversary, from youtube.com "Twenty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, huge dominoes decorated by school children stands in it's place. Mark Phillips reports on how Berlin is celebrating the anniversary. " Berlin Wall, 20 Years Later, from youtube.com "On the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, Mark Phillips reports that the reunification of East and West Germany also served as the reunion for relatives once torn apart by politics."
" BERLIN (ANS) -- Prayers and candles brought the Berlin wall down. They proved stronger than the powers of a decaying Communist dictatorship in East Germany.
The churches in Germany are commemorating the 20th anniversary of the opening of the Berlin wall November 9 with thanksgiving. In 1989 prayer meetings for peace had developed into a mass movement for change in East Germany, which culminated in massive street demonstrations in Leipzig and other cities in 1989.
Finally, the regime’s spokesman Guenther Schabowski announced at a press conference in Berlin, November 9, that East Germans would be free to cross the border checkpoints immediately. The resulting mass movement to West Berlin and West Germany brought down the wall after 28 years and led the way to re-unification on October 3, 1990.
Germany’s President Horst Koehler and Chancellor Angela Merkel attended an ecumenical worship service in Berlin’s Gethsemane-Church, one of the centers of the peaceful revolution in 1989. The Protestant Bishop of Berlin, Wolfgang Huber, praised the courage shown by East Germans who had confronted the brutal might of the regime with candles and prayers.
The chairman of the Roman Catholic German Bishop’s Conference, Archbishop Robert Zollitsch, called on Christians to continue their bridge building efforts between East and West. The events of November 1989 challenged Germans to continue to show solidarity with people yearning for freedom.
The leader of the (mainline) Protestant Churches in Germany, Margot Kaessmann, proposed to make November 9 a national holiday in Germany. She referred not only to the triumph of the peaceful revolution in East Germany, which still seemed like a “miracle” to her, but also to the national day of shame: On November 9, 1938, Nazis had set hundreds of synagogues and Jewish houses ablaze.
As Kaessmann pointed out, the churches in Germany have made their commitment to reconciliation their central focus – reconciliation with Jews and the European nations. The 51-year-old Bishop of the Evangelical-Lutheran Church of Hanover, was elected chair of the Council of the Protestant Churches in Germany October 28.
Evangelical leaders have warned against a nostalgic glorification of the East German Communist regime. Speaking at a conference in commemoration of the fall of the Berlin wall in Glauchau, November 8, the chairman of the evangelical fellowships in Saxony, Prof. Johannes Berthold, recalled the violent and unjust nature of the regime.
The Stasi – the East German Secret Service – had more than 90,000 spies on its payroll – far more than the 15,000 spies of the infamous Nazi organization Gestapo. The demise of the East German dictatorship had been inevitable, said Berthold, but the revolution without bloodshed and violence was “a miracle indeed”. Berthold: "Angels kept the lion'’s throat shut." Mr. Gorbachev, Tear Down This Wall!
By Jeff Thompson
Special to ASSIST News Service Sunday, November 8, 2009 "BERLIN, GERMANY (ANS) -- The words of Ronald Reagan delivered during his speech at the Berlin Wall in June 1987 were considered to be provocative and naive. President Reagan however, believed every word. History proved him to be a prophet...
Crossing Checkpoint Charlie
Famous sign at Checkpoint Charlie
I first visited Berlin in 1978 as a 21 year old missionary living in Europe.
I worked with a German mission agency smuggling bibles behind the Iron Curtain. It was not uncommon for Americans to visit East Berlin on one day tourist visas which expired at midnight.
The American guards at Checkpoint Charlie would briefly check your passport if at all. Once on the border however, you were clearly entering enemy territory, both physically and spiritually. A thorough search of your vehicle, and belongings always took place. No newspapers allowed, no printed matter, no music, no weapons, no drugs, no bibles or foreign contraband of any kind.
I made friends with pastors on the east side who secretly distributed Christian literature. Their faith and perseverance challenged me deeply. I lived in freedom, I could return to West Berlin. They however, were missionaries in a giant prison. And they thanked God for that privilege. Amazing.
Leaving the American Sector book cover
In 1980 just four weeks after our wedding day, my wife Paula and I moved to Berlin to the southern district of Rudow near Neukolln to help lead the bible smuggling operation. In January of 1982 I was caught on the East German border. It felt like a movie, surreal in a way, but when my interrogators stated that I was smuggling cocaine and would get an 8 year prison sentence, I knew it wasn’t a movie. The book “Leaving The American Sector” tells this story and is available from www.eeo.org. ...
1805 - 1898, from Sword of the Lord
*learned more of this guy earlier this evening (Tuesday, November 6th of 2007) through a homeschool play many church family members of mine were involved in. It was a great play that showed how God used him to bless many children and others.
""At last I saw Christ as my Saviour. I believed in Him and gave myself to Him. The burden rolled from off me, and a great love for Christ filled my soul. That was more than fifty years ago. I loved Jesus Christ then, but I loved Him more the year after, and more the year after that, and more every year since."
Born in Prussia in 1805, George Mueller began running from God early in life. By age ten he had devised a scheme to embezzle government money entrusted to his father. He spent his schooldays in drunken immorality. He even served time in jail at age sixteen for failing to pay his bills.
The university he attended had some 900 divinity students, but Mueller said there were not nine of them who truly feared God. He continued his sinful habits during his college days until finally at age 20 the burden of his sins overcame him and he trusted Christ as Saviour.
Soon he committed himself to a full-time gospel ministry. When Mueller was twenty-five, he went to Teignmouth, England, with his new wife, Mary, to pastor a small church. He gave up the small salary offered when he discovered it was paid through the rental of church pews. From that time on he resolved to live by faith.
Mueller moved in 1832 to Bristol, England, to be the pastor of another church. There his famous work with the orphans began when two young children were thrown upon the church's care. Mueller had only two shillings to his name when he began the orphanage work, but over the next sixty years God sent more than $7,500,000 to supply their needs. New buildings were built or purchased, staff was hired, and the hundreds of children never missed a meal. Many times prayers were said over empty plates only to have food arrive at the last moment.
Mueller resolved never to tell anyone what his needs were. He told them to God and confidently expected them to be met.
During his life, Mueller started 117 schools which educated over 120,000 young people and orphans. He became pastor of Bethesda Chapel in Bristol. The church had some 2,000 members at his death.
Spurgeon said, "Of flowers of speech he has none, and we hardly think he cares for them; but of the bread of Heaven he has abundance."
Related Sites: George Muller, Orphanages in Bristol England-Christian Biography Resources
"Otto von Bismarck, the so-called �Iron Chancellor,� molded those states into a great united empire; Berlin was the capital; the economy flourished; the influence of the church faded; Wilhelm I, was installed as Kaiser; overseas colonies were acquired in both Africa and Asia and World War I was on the horizon. "
"..20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, abbreviated NSDAP), commonly known as the Nazi Party. He was the totalitarian leader of Germany from 1933 to 1945, serving as chancellor from 1933 to 1945 and as head of state (Führer und Reichskanzler) from 1934 to 1945.
A decorated veteran of World War I, Hitler joined the Nazi Party (DAP) in 1919 and became leader of NSDAP in 1921. Following his imprisonment after a failed coup in Bavaria in 1923, he gained support by promoting German nationalism, anti-semitism, anti-capitalism, and anti-communism with charismatic oratory and propaganda. He was appointed chancellor in 1933, and quickly transformed the Weimar Republic into the Third Reich, a single-party dictatorship based on the totalitarian and autocratic ideals of national socialism.
Hitler ultimately wanted to establish a New Order of absolute Nazi German hegemony in Europe. To achieve this, he pursued a foreign policy with the declared goal of seizing Lebensraum "living space" for the Aryan people; directing the resources of the state towards this goal. This included the rearmament of Germany, which culminated in 1939 when the Wehrmacht invaded Poland. In response, the United Kingdom and France declared war against Germany, leading to the outbreak of the Second World War in Europe.
Within three years, Germany and the Axis powers had occupied most of Europe, and most of Northern Africa, East and Southeast Asia and the Pacific Ocean. However, with the reversal of the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union, the Allies gained the upper hand from 1942 onwards. By 1945 Allied armies had invaded German-held Europe from all sides. Nazi forces committed numerous atrocities during the war, including the systematic murder of as many as 17 million civilians, an estimated six million of whom were Jews targeted in a genocide known as the Holocaust....
*see GoodnewsEverybody.com: Middleeastern-Israelites Persecuted History "In the final days of the war, at the fall of Berlin in 1945, Hitler married his long-time mistress Eva Braun and, to avoid capture by Soviet forces less than two days later, the two committed suicide...
"Early adulthood in Vienna and Munich
From 1905 on, Hitler lived a bohemian life in Vienna on an orphan's pension and support from his mother. He was rejected twice by the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna (1907–1908), citing "unfitness for painting", and was told his abilities lay instead in the field of architecture. His memoirs reflect a fascination with the subject:
Hitler may also have been influenced by Martin Luther's "On the Jews and their Lies. In Mein Kampf, Hitler refers to Martin Luther as a great warrior, a true statesman, and a great reformer, alongside Wagner and Frederick the Great. Wilhelm Röpke, writing after the Holocaust, concluded that "without any question, Lutheranism influenced the political, spiritual and social history of Germany in a way that, after careful consideration of everything, can be described only as fateful."...
*see GoodnewsEverybody.com Religious: Lutheran "
If this account is true, Hitler apparently did not act on his new belief. He often was a guest for dinner in a noble Jewish house, and he interacted well with Jewish merchants who tried to sell his paintings.
Hitler claimed that Jews were enemies of the Aryan race. He held them responsible for Austria's crisis. He also identified certain forms of Socialism and Bolshevism, which had many Jewish leaders, as Jewish movements, merging his antisemitism with anti-Marxism. Later, blaming Germany's military defeat in World War I on the 1918 revolutions, he considered Jews the culprits of Imperial Germany's downfall and subsequent economic problems as well."
*see GoodnewsEverybody.com: Middleeastern-Israelite of Israel
Third Reich Economy and culture
"Hitler oversaw one of the greatest expansions of industrial production and civil improvement Germany had ever seen, mostly based on debt flotation and expansion of the military....The unemployment rate was cut substantially, mostly through arms production and sending women home so that men could take their jobs. Given this, claims that the German economy achieved near full employment are at least partly artifacts of propaganda from the era. Much of the financing for Hitler's reconstruction and rearmament came from currency manipulation by Hjalmar Schacht, including the clouded credits through the Mefo bills......Hitler considered Sparta to be the first National Socialist state, and praised its early eugenics treatment of deformed children.
*see GoodnewsEverybody.com Science: Biology, Animals, Biological Warfare, etc... "Religious beliefs
Hitler was raised by Roman Catholic parents, but after he left home, he never attended Mass or received the sacraments...
Hitler favored aspects of Protestantism if they were more amenable to his own objectives. At the same time, he adopted some elements of the Catholic Church's hierarchical organization, liturgy and phraseology in his politics.
Hitler expressed admiration for the Muslim military tradition and directed Himmler to initiate Muslim SS Divisions as a matter of policy. According to one confidant, Hitler stated in private, "The Mohammedan religion too would have been much more compatible to us than Christianity. Why did it have to be Christianity with its meekness and flabbiness ..."
Hitler once stated, "We do not want any other god than Germany itself. It is essential to have fanatical faith and hope and love in and for Germany."
*see GoodnewsEverybody.com-Religious, World Religions, etc.. Swastika
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "Historical use in the East
Historically, the swastika became a sacred symbol in Shamanism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Mithraism, religions with a total of more than a billion adherents worldwide, making the swastika ubiquitous in both historical and contemporary society. The symbol was introduced to Southeast Asia by Hindu kings and remains an integral part of Balinese Hinduism to this day, and it is a common sight in Indonesia.
The symbol rose to importance in Buddhism during the Mauryan Empire and in Hinduism with the decline of Buddhism in India during the Gupta Empire. With the spread of Buddhism, the Buddhist swastika reached Tibet and China. The use of the swastika by the indigenous Bön faith of Tibet, as well as syncretic religions, such as Cao Dai of Vietnam and Falun Gong of China, is thought to be borrowed from Buddhism as well...
As the symbol of Nazism
When Hitler created a flag for the Nazi Party, he sought to incorporate both the swastika and "those revered colors expressive of our homage to the glorious past and which once brought so much honor to the German nation." (Red, white, and black were the colors of the flag of the old German Empire.) He also stated: "As National Socialists, we see our program in our flag. In red, we see the social idea of the movement; in white, the nationalistic idea; in the swastika, the mission of the struggle for the victory of the Aryan man, and, by the same token, the victory of the idea of creative work."
The swastika was also understood as "the symbol of the creating, acting life" (das Symbol des schaffenden, wirkenden Lebens) and as "race emblem of Germanism" (Rasseabzeichen des Germanentums).
The use of the swastika was associated by Nazi theorists with their conjecture of Aryan cultural descent of the German people. Following the Nordicist version of the Aryan invasion theory, the Nazis claimed that the early Aryans of India, from whose Vedic tradition the swastika sprang, were the prototypical white invaders. It was also widely believed that the Indian caste system had originated as a means to avoid racial mixing. The concept of racial purity was an ideology central to Nazism, though it is now considered unscientific. For Rosenberg, the Aryans of India were both a model to be imitated and a warning of the dangers of the spiritual and racial "confusion" that, he believed, arose from the close proximity of races. Thus, they saw fit to co-opt the sign as a symbol of the Aryan master race. The use of the swastika as a symbol of the Aryan race dates back to writings of Emile Burnouf. Following many other writers, the German nationalist poet Guido von List believed it to be a uniquely Aryan symbol. Before the Nazis, the swastika was already in use as a symbol of German völkisch nationalist movements (Völkische Bewegung). In Deutschland Erwache (ISBN 0-912138-69-6), Ulric of England (sic) says:....
*see GoodnewsEverybody.com Issues-Racism, Racist, Prejudice, Discrimination, Bigotry, etc...
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "...abbreviated SS- or Runic "SS" (Runic)- was a major Nazi organization under Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party. The SS grew from a small paramilitary unit to a powerful force that served as the Führer's "Praetorian Guard," the Nazi Party's "Shield Squadron" and a force that, fielding almost a million men (both on the front lines and as political police), managed to exert as much political influence as the Wehrmacht. Built upon the Nazi racial ideology, the SS, under Heinrich Himmler's command, was responsible for many of the crimes against humanity perpetrated by the Nazis during World War II, and most of the worst of those crimes... Heinrich Himmler
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "...
Himmler and the Holocaust...
The SS, through its intelligence arm, the Security Service (Sicherheitsdienst, or SD), dealt with Jews, Gypsies, communists and those persons of any other cultural, racial, political or religious affiliation deemed by the Nazis to be either Untermensch (sub-human) or in opposition to the regime, and placing them in concentration camps. Himmler opened the first of these camps at Dachau on 22 March 1933. He was the main architect of the Holocaust, using elements of mysticism and a fanatical belief in the racist Nazi ideology to justify the murder of millions of victims. Himmler had similar plans for the Poles. Intellectuals were to be killed and most other Poles were to be only literate enough to read traffic signs. On 18 December 1941, Himmler's appointment book shows he met with Hitler, where to in answer to Himmler's question "What to do with the Jews of Russia?", Hitler's response is recorded as "als Partisanen auszurotten" (exterminate them as partisans")....
"...World History in the Bavarian Alps
The so-called “Eagle’s Nest” was built as teahouse for Adolf Hitler’s 50th birthday. Perched on a mountain summit, its unusual position makes of the daring project a unique engineering feat. What few realize is that Hitler’s home and headquarters - the second seat of 3rd Reich power - were located at Obersalzberg, at the foot of the Eagle’s Nest mountain.
Our tour emphasizes the historical significance of the whole mountain, not just the Eagle’s Nest teahouse. We show how it served as the cradle of the party and became a stage on which world history was enacted. In fact many of Hitler’s ideas and decisions that led to 62 million deaths as a result of World War II can be traced back to this very idyllic mountainside.
Join us for a detailed historical account of the construction and use of the Eagle’s Nest, a unique mountaintop conference center, as well as for a driving and educational tour of the Obersalzberg area, the site of Hitler’s former residence and alpine redoubt. Our visit to the underground bunker system gives an idea of the monumental scale of the former headquarters compound in the Bavarian Alps....
Eagle's Nest, Obersalzberg, Berchtesgaden
"Hitler's tea house on top of a mountain at Obersalzberg. The walk through the tunnel is followed by a trip in a lift (not shown). Some rooms are shown, with views of the surrounding mountains. " Kehlsteinhaus
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "..(in English-speaking countries also known as the Eagle's Nest), is a chalet-style building which when built was an extension of the Obersalzberg complex built by the Nazis in the German Alps near Berchtesgaden. The Kehlsteinhaus was an official 50th birthday present for Adolf Hitler. Nicknamed Eagle's Nest by a French diplomat, it was meant to be a retreat for Hitler and a place for him to entertain visiting dignitaries...
*see GoodnewsEverybody.com European: Austrians of Austria
CONCENTRATION CAMPS: Kaufering concentration camp
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "was a network of subsidiary camps of the Dachau concentration camp....
Landsberg am Lech
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ".. is a town in southwest Bavaria, Germany, about 65 kilometers west of Munich and 35 kilometers south of Augsburg. It is the capital of the district of Landsberg am Lech.
The town is noted for its prison where Adolf Hitler was incarcerated in 1924. During this incarceration Hitler wrote/dictated his book Mein Kampf together with Rudolf Hess. His cell, number 7, became part of the Nazi-cultus. A lot of followers came to visit the cell, during the Nazi-period in Germany. Landsberg am Lech was known as the town of the Hitler Jugend. It was also one of the largest Displaced Person (DP) camps for Jewish refugees after World War II, and the place of execution for more than 150 war criminals after 1945...
Landsberg Displaced Person camp
It began as a Nazi concentration camp. By October 1944, there were more than 5,000 prisoners in the camp. Comprised primarily of Jewish refugees from the Soviet Union and the Baltic states, it developed into one of the most influential DP camps in the Sh'erit ha-Pletah. It housed a Yiddish newspaper (the Yiddishe Zeitung), religious schools, and organizations to promote Jewish religious observance. The camp was liberated April 28, 1945 by the 101st Airborne (506th PIR) and the 4th Division of the United States Army. Upon orders from General Taylor, the American forces allowed news media to record the atrocities, and ordered the German civilians and guards to reflect upon the dead and bury them bare-handed. After the liberation of the camp in 1945 it became a displaced person camp.
A dramatization of the discovery and liberation of the camp was presented in Episode 9: Why We Fight of the Band of Brothers mini-series.
A number of prominent leaders emerged from the camp, including Samuel Gringauz, who also became the chairman of the Council of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. zone. The camp also served as the headquarters for the Jewish education and training organisation ORT.
The camp closed on October 15, 1950...
*see GoodnewsEverybody.com: Middleeastern-Israelites Persecuted History
The "sterilization Law" explained the importance of weeding out so-called genetic defects from the total German gene pool:
Since the National Revolution public opinion has become increasingly preoccupied with questions of demographic policy and the continuing decline in the birthrate. However, it is not only the decline in population which is a cause for serious concern but equally the increasingly evident genetic composition of our people. Whereas the hereditarily healthy families have for the most part adopted a policy of having only one or two children, countless numbers of inferiors and those suffering from hereditary conditions are reproducing unrestrainedly while their sick and asocial offspring burden the community.
Some scientists and physicians opposed the involuntary aspect of the law while others pointed to possible flaws. But the designation of specific conditions as inherited, and the desire to eliminate such illnesses or handicaps from the population, generally reflected the scientific and medical thinking of the day in Germany and elsewhere.....
"The Celts are believed to have been the first inhabitants of Germany. They were followed by German tribes at the end of the 2nd century B.C. German invasions destroyed the declining Roman Empire in the 4th and 5th centuries A.D. One of the tribes, the Franks, attained supremacy in western Europe under Charlemagne, who was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 800."
"Germany is a parliamentary federal republic of sixteen states (Bundesl�nder). The capital city and seat of government is Berlin. As a nation-state, the country was unified amidst the Franco-Prussian War in 1871. After its defeat in World War II Germany was divided, and it became reunified in 1990. It is a founding member of the European Union, and with over 82 million people it has the largest population among the EU member states.[2"
* Journal, The Official Website of Arthur Blessitt "Berlin, June 6, 1981: There was a rally in Berlin called 'Berlin for Jesus.' I had been carrying the cross through West Germany and the Lord had used me to make a powerful impact through the news media. My walk had been featured in every major newspaper with several pictures and good stories. ..
We were meeting at the 90,000 seat Olympic Stadium. About 15,000 gathered on a Saturday afternoon. I was scheduled to speak for about 15 minutes. I spoke in the real power of the Holy Spirit. When I came to the end of my message I said, "This stadium was built by Hitler to commemorate the 1936 Olympics. It was built to glorify man, there was a flame lit to commemorate the start of the Olympics. In just a moment I am going to take this cross and carry it across this field, up the steps, and we are going to raise the cross above where the torch burned. I pray that those who hunger and thirst will be filled with the fire of the Holy Spirit...
When I arrived at the top, Johannes gave me a boost and I climbed up to the top of the platform where the torch had been. I then reached down and pulled Johannes up as his friend gave him a boost. He handed the cross up and then we raised it up above the torch that had been lit for the 1936 Olympics. As we held up cross, people exploded in praise and tears. People were weeping and praising God. It was one of the most glorious moments I have ever lived. Everybody's mind, like mine, went back to the memories since Hitler had this stadium built. World War II, the bombing of Berlin, concentration camps, war, death, chaos, the division of Europe. We remembered what had happened since. And yet, here is the cross, raised above the Olympic Stadium for the glory of God. No matter how dark the hour, there is hope! Even when faith fails, out of the rubble of war: look, a flower grows where a bomb fell. The cross stands where Hitler's torch is extinguished. High over Berlin stands the cross and hope. ..
June 20, 1981 : I spent the night at the East German-West German border. My daughter, Gina was with me when our car broke down just inside the East German border. I prayed for God to fix it and He did not. In vain we tried to get it fixed or towed into West Germany.
Gina Blessitt and dad
At midnight I was still praying, "God, you have me in here for a purpose, what is it? "
Then I felt the Lord speak, "Arthur, you've been praying about when to carry the cross behind the Iron Curtain. Well, I don't have an Iron Curtain." “There are no walls. The walls are in your mind.'
God had finally gotten through my hard head. The term 'Iron Curtain' is a political term, not a Biblical term. The Iron Curtain is in our minds. The Iron Curtain of disbelief and impossibilities. Oh, if only we had a group of people who didn't know what God can do who would dare to believe how we could change this world!
I said, "Lord, that word is gone from my vocabulary except to use when I'm preaching or when I write about it. "
A few weeks later I flew into Poland and on to other Eastern European nations carrying the 12-foot cross. The Iron Curtain was gone from my mind and I was carrying the cross in Eastern Europe. Hallelujah! East Germany
* Journal "..Everyone was standing, bodies pressed against each other, it was impossible to walk through such a crowd, but they passed the cross hand over hand. The cross began to move and soon I lost my grip on it and for the first time in my entire life, the cross got away from me. I stood on my tiptoes watching the cross as it moved toward the front of the crowd of about cheering 300,000 people. It was one of the glorious moments of my life. The crowd exploded in cheers as the cross was lifted up behind the speakers place. They were shouting, "The cross, the cross, lift it up, lift it up." ..
Arthur Blessitt in Hannover 1981
"Überall, wo A. Blessit entlangging, sammelten sich Menschenmengen um ihn. Er zog die Menschen magnetisch an. So etwas habe ich zuvor und später nie mehr erlebt. ER strahlte in ungewöhnlicher Weise die Liebe Gottes aus." West (Germany)
, The Official Website of Arthur Blessitt "Hanover, May 25, 1981: I carried the cross into the middle of the train station, then out to the front of it and then I began to preach. Crowds of people were waiting, then others gathered and then I was mobbed. People were pushing and shoving to get Jesus stickers, and were eager to hear what I had to say. As I preached, the people were crying and being converted. It was absolutely glorious! This had never happened before in Germany and the Germans with me were shocked and astounded. They could not believe it was happening in Germany. It was almost like the jungles of Papua New Guinea....
Hamburg, May 30,1981: The Lord had me carry the cross on Saturday in Hamburg, Germany. I preached in a church, then we had a rally and after the meeting. I went with some believers to St. Kilden, the prostitution and pornographic area. It is considered one of the most sinful places in the entire world! Pornography is horrible with open sex on the stage and crowds of American, French, British and other troops stationed in Germany looking on. At about 2:00 a.m. I walked over to the side of the street and asked a man to hold the cross for a minute. I was hungry and was approaching an outdoor serving window, when I heard someone scream. There was a man with a big knife in his hand threatening the guy who was holding the cross. I stepped up and said, "Jesus, Jesus, Jesus," and he whirled and looked wildly at me, waving his knife in my face as I kept saying, "Jesus." He turned and ran back to the foot of the cross and started stabbing the cross tire, making a big slash in the tire, then he ran into a nearby bar. The crowd was very upset with him, but I was just glad no one was hurt and he hadn't stabbed me or anyone else.
Bianca and Richard Kunicki my great friends Hamburg
The people who were watching were so moved that they charged into the bar and in a little while they came out with 50 marks (about $20.00). They had made him pay some money to fix my tire. Of course, there was no place to get it fixed at that time of night, but we continued to witness, with many finding hope, peace and salvation in Jesus Christ. That night we knelt on the sidewalk and prayed with eight British soldiers in uniform, that they might know Jesus as their Savior.
Ludenscheid with the cross and Arthur and ministers
The events of this day March 31, 1989 were to change my life forever. Since the call to carry the cross in 1969 I had simply gone to walk wherever the Lord called. I had completed the distance around the earth in 1987. The pilgrim journey now was to have an almost impossible mission.
I was in Ludenscheid, Germany to walk with the cross and speak at a youth rally. While sitting at a coffee house with a German evangelist and his secretary, I suddenly felt an unbelievable burden fill my heart. Tears burst from my eyes: I could hear the Lord Jesus calling,"Arthur, I want you to give your life to carry the cross in every nation by the year 2000!"
I sat frightened; it seemed too much to comprehend. The minister asked what was wrong and I said, “Someday I'll tell you but for now let's pray.' At the table as I wept I accepted the call. In my hotel room later I lay on the floor for hours praying. God did not say I would carry it in every nation, but to commit my life to do it. I answered the call; everything else is in His hands. Jesus must give me the life, strength, health, wealth, and lead me. I certainly can't do it alone. I lay in the glory of the Lord all night as He prepared me for the awesome mission ahead.
The meeting The meeting
A pilgrim follower of Jesus,
*see GoodnewsEverybody.com Movies: The Passion, Crucification, Easter, Resurrection, etc..
Reviews: Hitler's last days are deftly chronicled in 'Downfall'
By Claudia Puig, USA TODAY 2/17/05 "A foreign-language-Oscar nominee, Downfall is the first German-made film about that painful chapter of the country's history since 1956's The Last Act.
Narrated from the perspective of Hitler's secretary, Traudl Junge, this is a claustrophobically intense view of the inner workings of the upper echelons of the Nazi regime as well as a stomach-turning look at the horrors of war"
Sal's own personal reflections:
While watching the movie, evidence of past remarks of Hitler's ideology on the evolution theory became more evident. In the movie, the many lines on "the strongest and fittest shall survive"... "He thought that interracial marriage would produce "monstrosities halfway between man and ape" and should be fought with religious fervour. This makes his beliefs on evolution and creation very clear; he thought that Aryans were created in God's own image, while all other races evolved from apes. This should come as no surprise; not only was this an overwhelmingly common belief during the age of European imperialism which lasted right up to the end of the 19th century, but it persists to this day (a lot of white supremacists still refer to blacks as "monkeys"). In his view, it was therefore an unnatural and unholy dilution of God's image for Aryans and non-Aryans to mate."-Creationism v.s. Scientific Evolution Theory: Essays-Hitler's Religion
....more on Goodnews UMM LA: Science Downfall (film)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "..s a 2004 German-Austrian drama film, depicting the final ten days of Adolf Hitler's life in his Berlin bunker and Nazi Germany in 1945. The film was directed by Oliver Hirschbiegel, written by Bernd Eichinger, and based upon the books: Inside Hitler's Bunker, by historian Joachim Fest; Until the Final Hour, the memoirs of Traudl Junge, one of Hitler's secretaries; portions of Albert Speer's memoirs Inside the Third Reich; Hitler's Last Days: An Eye–Witness Account, by Gerhardt Boldt; Das Notlazarett Unter Der Reichskanzlei: Ein Arzt Erlebt Hitlers Ende in Berlin (memoirs) by Doctor Ernst-Günther Schenck; and Soldat: Reflections of a German Soldier, 1936–1949 (memoirs) by Siegfried Knappe....
" Uploaded on Mar 20, 2007
The incredible true story of Germany's most famous anti-Nazi heroine is brought to thrilling life in this multi-award winning drama. Academy Award nominee for Best Foreign Language Film of 2005.
" "...A dramatization of the final days of Sophie Scholl, one of the most famous members of the German World War II anti-Nazi resistance movement, The White Rose. ...
The White Rose: A Lesson in Dissent,
by Jacob G. Hornberger jewishvirtuallibrary.org "
The date was February 22, 1943. Hans Scholl and his sister Sophie, along with their best friend, Christoph Probst, were scheduled to be executed by Nazi officials that afternoon. The prison guards were so impressed with the calm and bravery of the prisoners in the face of impending death that they violated regulations by permitting them to meet together one last time. Hans, a medical student at the University of Munich, was 24. Sophie, a student, was 21. Christoph, a medical student, was 22.
This is the story of The White Rose. It is a lesson in dissent. It is a tale of courage, of principle, of honor. It is detailed in three books, The White Rose (1970) by Inge Scholl, A Noble Treason (1979) by Richard Hanser, and An Honourable Defeat (1994) by Anton Gill.
Hans and Sophie Scholl were German teenagers in the 1930s. Like other young Germans, they enthusiastically joined the Hitler Youth. They believed that Adolf Hitler was leading Germany and the German people back to greatness.
Their parents were not so enthusiastic. Their father, Robert Scholl, told his children that Hitler and the Nazis were leading Germany down a road of destruction. Later, in 1942, he would serve time in a Nazi prison for telling his secretary: “The war! It is already lost. This Hitler is God's scourge on mankind, and if the war doesn't end soon the Russians will be sitting in Berlin.” Gradually, Hans and Sophie began realizing that their father was right. They concluded that, in the name of freedom and the greater good of the German nation, Hitler and the Nazis were enslaving and destroying the German people.
They also knew that open dissent was impossible in Nazi Germany, especially after the start of World War II. Most Germans took the traditional position, that once war breaks out, it is the duty of the citizen to support the troops by supporting the government. But Hans and Sophie Scholl believed differently. They believed that it was the duty of a citizen, even in times of war, to stand up against an evil regime, especially when it is sending hundreds of thousands of its citizens to their deaths.
The Scholl siblings began sharing their feelings with a few of their friends, Christoph Probst, Alexander Schmorell, Willi Graf, as well as with Kurt Huber, their psychology and philosophy professor.
The members of The White Rose, of course, had to act cautiously. The Nazi regime maintained an iron grip over German society. Internal dissent was quickly and efficiently smashed by the Gestapo. Hans and Sophie Scholl and their friends knew what would happen to them if they were caught.
People began receiving copies of the leaflets in the mail. Students at the University of Hamburg began copying and distributing them. Copies began turning up in different parts of Germany and Austria. Moreover, as Hanser points out, the members of The White Rose did not limit themselves to leaflets. Graffiti began appearing in large letters on streets and buildings all over Munich: “Down with Hitler! . . . Hitler the Mass Murderer!” and “Freiheit! . . . Freiheit! . . . Freedom! . . . Freedom!”
The Gestapo was driven into a frenzy. It knew that the authors were having to procure large quantities of paper, envelopes, and postage. It knew that they were using a duplicating machine. But despite the Gestapo's best efforts, it was unable to catch the perpetrators.
One day, February 18, 1943, Hans' and Sophie's luck ran out. They were caught leaving pamphlets at the University of Munich and were arrested. A search disclosed evidence of Christoph Probst's participation, and he too was soon arrested. The three of them were indicted for treason. ....
Then a woman prison guard brought in Sophie. . . . Her mother tentatively offered her some candy, which Hans had declined. “Gladly,” said Sophie, taking it. “After all, I haven't had any lunch!” She, too, looked somehow smaller, as if drawn together, but her face was clear and her smile was fresh and unforced, with something in it that her parents read as triumph. “Sophie, Sophie,” her mother murmured, as if to herself. “To think you'll never be coming through the door again!” Sophie's smile was gentle. “Ah, Mother,” she said. “Those few little years. . . .” Sophie Scholl looked at her parents and was strong in her pride and certainty. “We took everything upon ourselves,” she said. “What we did will cause waves.” Her mother spoke again: “Sophie,” she said softly, “Remember Jesus.” “Yes,” replied Sophie earnestly, almost commandingly, “but you, too.” She left them, her parents, Robert and Magdalene Scholl, with her face still lit by the smile they loved so well and would never see again. She was perfectly composed as she was led away. Robert Mohr [a Gestapo official], who had come out to the prison on business of his own, saw her in her cell immediately afterwards, and she was crying. It was the first time Robert Mohr had seen her in tears, and she apologized. “I have just said good-bye to my parents,” she said. “You understand . . .” She had not cried before her parents. For them she had smiled. ....
No relatives visited Christoph Probst. His wife, who had just had their third child, was in the hospital. Neither she nor any members of his family even knew that he was on trial or that he had been sentenced to death. While his faith in God had always been deep and unwavering, he had never committed to a certain faith. On the eve of his death, a Catholic priest admitted him into the church in articulo mortis, at the point of death. “Now,” he said, “my death will be easy and joyful.” ...
Sophie Scholl - The Final Days: True Story of Anti-Nazi Activist, Part 1
" Published on Apr 14, 2012
The inspiring true story about the young non-violent activist Sophie Scholl and the White Rose group that intellectually resisted the Third Reich by distributing pamphlets and writing anti-Nazi graffiti at a time when doing so was treason.
A personal hero of mine, let's learn from her and not let history repeat itself.
I'm sharing this film for educational purposes; please consider visiting the official site for the film here and purchasing a copy:
All Quiet on the Western Front - 1930 - Trailer [ War film ]
"All Quiet on the Western Front may be the definitive anti-war film, not for the Great War alone, but all wars. It was the most powerful statement about WWI by the generation that fought it. Andrew Kelly writes in Cinema and the Great War: "No war was as violent, pointless and miserable as the First World War. With 8 1/2 million dead and 20 million injured it was a disaster unparalleled in human history. There was nothing great about the Great War, except the scale of despair and destruction." "
Related Sites: All Quiet on the Western Front (1930 film)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia " (1930) war film set on the Erich Maria Remarque novel of the same name. It was directed by Lewis Milestone, and stars Louis Wolheim, Lew Ayres, John Wray, Arnold Lucy and Ben Alexander.
All Quiet on the Western Front is considered a realistic and harrowing account of warfare in World War I, and was named #54 on the AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies. However, it fell out of the top 100 in the AFI's 2007 revision. In June 2008, AFI revealed its 10 Top 10—the best ten films in ten "classic" American film genres—after polling over 1,500 people from the creative community. All Quiet on the Western Front was acknowledged as the seventh best film in the epic genre. In 1990, this film was selected and preserved by the United States Library of Congress' National Film Registry as being deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant." The film won the Academy Award for Best Picture and Best Director...
BOOKS All Quiet on the Western Front
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "(German: Im Westen nichts Neues) is a novel by Erich Maria Remarque, a German veteran of World War I. The book describes the German soldiers' extreme physical and mental duress during the war, and the detachment from civilian life felt by many of these soldiers upon returning home from the front.
The novel was first published in November and December 1928 in the German newspaper Vossische Zeitung and in book form in late January 1929. The book and its sequel, The Road Back, were among the books banned and burned in Nazi Germany. It sold 2.5 million copies in twenty-five languages in its first eighteen months in print.
In 1930, the book adapted into an Oscar-winning film of the same name, directed by Lewis Milestone...
"Gott loben zieht nach oben :-) "
Hillsong - You are holy; Du bist heilig; german praise
'Thats Hillsongs german-russian mixed song "You are holy".
Du bist heilig Lobpreis Anbetung german russian worship praise deutsch Lied spielen guitar Gitarre Боже святой песня гитара прославление поклонение...
Here are the lyrics:
Du bist heilig, heilig,
Keiner ist wie Du.
Du bist heilig, heilig,
Keiner ist wie Du.
Dich will ich loben und preisen,
Anbeten mehr und mehr.
In Deiner Gegenwart vor Deinem Thron
Bleiben auf ewig Herr. "
*first heard of this while watching Travel Channel on Thursday, April 27th 2006 "The frightened population of Oberammergau prayed to be spared, taking a vow to be fulfilled not by a few but by the whole community. They vowed to do something in which everyone, rich and poor alike, would have a part: a Passion Play, the most sacred of all stories. They would present the story of Christ to the world every 10 years forevermore if the Lord would remove the plague from their people. The town was spared, and a tradition was born.
The play is now performed at the start of each decade. Since 1860 the German text has remained virtually unchanged. The production is done in native German, but an English translation is available. "
"Germany is a fine destination year-round, but most people visit between May and September when sunny skies are most likely and much of life moves outdoors. Beer gardens and cafes bustle at all hours; outdoor events and festivals enliven cities and villages; and hiking, cycling and swimming (in lakes or pools) are popular pursuits - at least as long as the weather plays along. Remember that rain is a possibility in any month. The flipside of summer travel is, of course, larger crowds at museums and other attractions and traffic jams at places such as Lake Constance. Accommodation needn't be hard to come by unless you're drawn to beach and mountain resorts popular with German holiday-makers."